Physician who specializes in urinary and genital conditions.


Liquid produced by the kidneys that contains waste products not needed by the organism.


Tube leading from the bladder through which urine leaves the body. The urethra also carries semen during an ejaculation.


Painless medical imaging examination performed using an ultrasound scanner.


Mass of abnormal cells. A tumor may be either benign or malignant (cancer).

Digital rectal examination

Examination in which the physician inserts a finger into the patient’s rectum in order to feel the prostate.


Ring of muscle around a natural orifice, allowing the orifice to open and close.

  • The urinary sphincter, located at the prostate outlet, controls the retention and release of urine.
  • The anal sphincter controls the retention and release of stools.